Geography of Somerset County, Maine

Somerset County, located in the central part of the state of Maine, USA, is a region characterized by its rugged terrain, abundant waterways, and scenic beauty. Encompassing an area of approximately 4,096 square miles, the county offers a diverse landscape of forests, mountains, rivers, and lakes. In this comprehensive overview, we will explore the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other notable features that define Somerset County. Check acronymmonster to learn more about the state of Maine.


Somerset County is situated in the central part of Maine, bordered by the counties of Piscataquis, Penobscot, Waldo, Kennebec, and Franklin. The county seat and largest town, Skowhegan, serves as the central hub of commerce, government, and culture, while other notable communities include Madison, Pittsfield, and Jackman.

The landscape of Somerset County is characterized by its rugged terrain, with the western portion of the county encompassing portions of the Appalachian Mountains, including the Bigelow Range and the Longfellow Mountains. The eastern portion of the county consists of rolling hills, forests, and farmland, with numerous lakes and rivers interspersed throughout the landscape.

The county is intersected by several major highways, including U.S. Route 201, which runs north-south through the county, and Maine State Route 16, which traverses the county from east to west. These transportation routes provide access to the county’s communities and attractions and serve as important conduits for travel and commerce.


Somerset County experiences a humid continental climate, characterized by four distinct seasons and moderate precipitation throughout the year. The region’s climate is influenced by its inland location and the prevailing weather patterns of the northeastern United States.

Summer temperatures in Somerset County typically range from the 70s to 80s°F (21-27°C), with occasional heatwaves pushing temperatures into the 90s°F (32°C) or higher. Humidity levels are moderate, with occasional thunderstorms bringing relief from the heat.

Winters in Somerset County are cold, with average temperatures ranging from the 10s to 20s°F (-12 to -6°C). Snowfall is common, especially in the western mountains, where several feet of snow can accumulate during winter storms. Residents and visitors alike enjoy winter activities such as skiing, snowmobiling, and ice fishing.

Spring and fall offer mild, pleasant weather conditions in Somerset County, with temperatures gradually warming in the spring and cooling in the fall. These transitional seasons are favored by residents and visitors alike for outdoor activities such as hiking, camping, and leaf-peeping.

Rivers and Lakes:

Somerset County is blessed with an abundance of rivers, streams, and lakes, which play integral roles in the region’s ecology, economy, and recreation.

The primary river flowing through Somerset County is the Kennebec River, which originates in the western mountains and flows eastward through the county before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean. The Kennebec River provides opportunities for fishing, boating, and other recreational activities, as well as scenic views and wildlife habitat along its banks.

Several smaller rivers and streams also meander through Somerset County, draining into the Kennebec River and its tributaries. These watercourses provide habitats for aquatic species, support riparian vegetation, and offer opportunities for outdoor activities such as kayaking, canoeing, and birdwatching.

In addition to its rivers and streams, Somerset County is home to numerous lakes and ponds, including Moosehead Lake, Flagstaff Lake, and Embden Pond. These bodies of water provide opportunities for fishing, boating, swimming, and picnicking, attracting residents and visitors alike to their shores.

Natural Resources:

Somerset County is rich in natural resources, including forests, minerals, and wildlife, which support a variety of ecosystems and economic activities.

The county’s forests are dominated by hardwood and softwood species, including maple, birch, pine, and spruce, which provide habitat for wildlife, recreational opportunities, and timber resources for lumber, paper production, and other wood products. The county’s forests are managed sustainably to ensure their long-term health and productivity.

Mineral resources such as granite, limestone, and sand and gravel are found in Somerset County, supporting mining and quarrying operations that provide raw materials for construction, manufacturing, and other industries. The county’s mineral resources are essential for infrastructure development, road construction, and building materials.

Somerset County is also home to abundant wildlife, including deer, moose, black bear, and small game species, which inhabit the forests, mountains, and wetlands of the region. Hunting, fishing, and wildlife watching are popular recreational activities in Somerset County, attracting sportsmen and outdoor enthusiasts from across the state.


Somerset County, Maine, offers a diverse array of geographical features, climate patterns, and natural resources that contribute to its unique character and appeal. From its rugged mountains and pristine lakes to its meandering rivers and dense forests, the county boasts a wealth of opportunities for outdoor recreation, economic development, and cultural enrichment. As stewards of this remarkable landscape, residents and visitors alike are entrusted with the responsibility of preserving and protecting Somerset County for future generations to enjoy. Through sustainable practices, conservation efforts, and a commitment to environmental stewardship, Somerset County will continue to thrive as a vibrant and cherished part of central Maine’s landscape.