Climate in Monrovia, Liberia

According to andyeducation, Monrovia, the capital and largest city of Liberia, is located on the country’s Atlantic coastline along the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. Monrovia experiences a tropical monsoon climate, characterized by high temperatures, significant rainfall, and distinct wet and dry seasons. The city’s climate is influenced by its equatorial position, proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, and the West African monsoon. In this comprehensive description, we will explore various aspects of Monrovia’s climate, including temperature, precipitation, seasons, and notable climate-related characteristics.


Monrovia’s tropical monsoon climate results in consistently warm temperatures throughout the year, with minor variations between seasons.

  • Summer (December to March): Summers in Monrovia are characterized by high temperatures and humidity levels. Daytime temperatures typically range from 28°C to 32°C (82°F to 90°F), with occasional peaks reaching 35°C (95°F) during the hottest days. Nights are warm and muggy, with temperatures averaging around 23°C to 26°C (73°F to 79°F). The summer season is known for its high humidity, which can make the weather feel even hotter.
  • Winter (June to September): Winters in Monrovia are slightly cooler and less humid, providing some relief from the heat. Daytime temperatures typically range from 26°C to 30°C (79°F to 86°F), and nighttime temperatures drop to around 22°C to 24°C (72°F to 75°F). While the temperature variation between summer and winter is relatively small, the lower humidity levels make the winter season more comfortable.

Monrovia’s tropical climate ensures warm and humid conditions year-round, with the summer months being the hottest and most humid.


Monrovia experiences distinct wet and dry seasons, with a pronounced variation in rainfall throughout the year.

  • Wet Season (May to October): The wet season in Monrovia extends from May to October, with peak rainfall occurring between June and August. During this period, the city experiences heavy rainfall, frequent thunderstorms, and high humidity levels. Monthly rainfall totals can vary significantly but often range from 250 to 700 millimeters (9.8 to 27.6 inches) per month. The wet season is characterized by lush greenery and is crucial for agriculture.
  • Dry Season (November to April): The dry season spans from November to April. Precipitation during this period is minimal, and the city enjoys drier conditions with clear skies. Rainfall totals during the dry season are often negligible, with occasional isolated showers.

The seasonal variation in precipitation patterns plays a crucial role in agriculture, water resources, and daily activities in Monrovia.


Monrovia’s climate can be broadly categorized into two main seasons:

  1. Wet Season (May to October): The wet season is characterized by heavy rainfall, high humidity, and lush vegetation. It’s a season for agricultural activities and the growth of tropical plants.
  2. Dry Season (November to April): The dry season offers relief from heavy rains and high humidity. It’s a more comfortable period for outdoor activities and tourism.

Climate-Related Characteristics:

According to existingcountries, Monrovia’s tropical monsoon climate has some notable characteristics and considerations:

  1. Equatorial Location: Monrovia’s equatorial position contributes to its consistently warm temperatures throughout the year. It experiences relatively small temperature variations between seasons.
  2. Rainforests: The region’s climate supports lush rainforests, making it rich in biodiversity. It’s home to various plant and animal species unique to the equatorial rainforest ecosystem.
  3. Agriculture: The wet season is crucial for agriculture in the region, supporting the cultivation of rice, cassava, cocoa, and oil palm, among other crops.
  4. Tropical Diseases: The high humidity and warm temperatures in Monrovia can create favorable conditions for tropical diseases such as malaria. Mosquito control and prevention measures are essential.
  5. Tourism: Monrovia’s climate, with its warm temperatures and drier conditions during the dry season, makes it an attractive destination for tourists. Visitors can explore cultural sites, enjoy tropical beaches, and experience the city’s vibrant culture.
  6. Water Management: Effective water management practices, including drainage systems and reservoirs, are essential for managing the heavy rainfall during the wet season and ensuring a stable water supply for agriculture and daily life.

In conclusion, Monrovia, Liberia, experiences a tropical monsoon climate with consistently warm temperatures, distinct wet and dry seasons, and specific precipitation patterns. The city’s climate plays a significant role in supporting agriculture, influencing water management practices, and shaping seasonal outdoor activities. Understanding and adapting to the seasonal variations are essential for residents and visitors to make the most of Monrovia’s unique climate and the natural beauty it offers throughout the year.