Attractions in Magadan, Russia

According to THENAILMYTHOLOGY, the largest number of attractions of the Magadan region is located in the Olsky district. The village of Ola is one of the oldest settlements on the Okhotsk coast. It is located 35 km northeast of Magadan. The Olsky Museum of Local Loreoperates in the village. The museum was opened in 1976 and is now located in the building of the House of Pioneers. Its funds contain items on the history, ethnography and archeology of the region, interesting documents and photographic materials.

At 4 km from the village of Ola, on the banks of the Nyuklya River, there is a stele marking the landing site of the First Kolyma geological expedition led by Yu.A. Bilibin.

The main attraction of the Olsky district is the Magadan Reserve.. It was created in 1982 on the territory of the Olsky and Srednekansky regions to protect the natural objects of the region and the reference biological complexes of the Far East region. Its total area is 884,000 hectares. The information center of the reserve is located in Magadan. The reserve includes 4 sections: Kava-Chelomdzhinsky, Olsky, Yamskoy and Seimchansky. On its territory there are swampy plains with lakes, hills, ridges and mountain ranges, 1200-1500 m high with mountain rivers and lakes of volcanic origin. Most of the reserve is occupied by light coniferous forests with a predominance of larch and dwarf pine, and the mainland of the Yamsky site includes a center of Siberian spruce, which is considered a relic of the Magadan region.

608 species of plants, 41 species of mammals, 210 species of birds, 2 species of amphibians and 32 species of fish are registered in the reserve. Of the mammals, there are bank voles, chipmunk, pika, mountain hare, elk, brown bear, fox, sable, ermine and American mink. The reserve is inhabited by such birds as whooper swan, taiga bean goose, teal, wigeon, pintail, shoveler, mallard, medium and large merganser, killer whale, American blueberry and kale. In the river valleys, the white partridge, stone capercaillie, hazel grouse, tundra partridge, mountain pipit, brown dipper and mountain wagtail are common. Kittiwakes, slaty-backed gulls, Bering cormorants, spectacled guillemots and ipatki nest on the rocks of the sea coast. The Yamsky Islands, located in the southern part of Shelikhov Bay, are home to the largest bird colonies in the Sea of Okhotsk. Guillemots nest here auklets, white belly, spectacled guillemot, puffin, gulls and Bering cormorant. The vast open spaces of the Tauy lowland, in which the Kava-Chelomdzhinsky site is located, with numerous lakes, are one of the main waterfowl reserves in the northern Okhotsk region. Whooper swan, taiga bean goose, teal (whistle and cracker), wigeon, pintail, shoveler, mallard, middle and large merganser are common in this area. Of particular interest is the isolated nesting center of the white-fronted goose in the middle reaches of the Kava. This is the southernmost relict population of the species in Eurasia. Of the marine mammals in the reserve, the seal, ringed seal (akiba), sea hare (beared seal) live. In addition, there is the largest rookery of sea lions (about 900 individuals). In the coastal waters of the reserve, you can see killer whales, minke whales and gray whales. In the rivers of the reserve there are char, Dolly Varden, Siberian trout and grayling. The largest natural spawning grounds for anadromous salmon in the Sea of Okhotsk region are located on the Yama and Chelomdzha rivers.

In addition, Talan Island in the northwestern part of the Tauyskaya Bay, where seabirds and their nesting sites are protected, the Kavinskaya Valley on the Kava River and the Malkachanskaya Tundra with colonies of migratory waterfowl, and the Odyan Wildlife Sanctuary on the Koni Peninsula – place of protection of the brown bear. An interesting natural monument is Mayakan Volcano, which is an outcrop of a volcanic vent about 2 km long with three picturesque lakes. On the shore of the Motykleisky Bay at the mouth of the Motykleyka River, there are Motykleysky springs.. These sources of mineral waters have begun to be explored recently. Their temperature ranges from +26 to +41 degrees. In the composition of the waters, ions of potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese, strontium, rubidium, chlorine, silicon and boron, neutral salts of calcium and magnesium, hydrates of oxides of lead, copper, zinc, nickel and cobalt and carbon dioxide were identified. Scientists believe that such water will be effective in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver, biliary tract, metabolism, joints, bones, muscles, tendons, peripheral nervous system and urological diseases. In the vicinity of the Motyklei springs there is a protected area where unique plant groups of thermophilic relics are protected.

Khasynsky district is best known for its source of healing thermal waters Talsky. It is located 300 km northeast of Magadan. The spring was discovered at the end of the 19th century by the merchant Afanasy Bushuev. The waters of the Talsky spring are characterized as nitrogenous, siliceous alkaline (chloride-hydrocarbonate-sodium). Their temperature is +91 degrees. On the basis of a spring in the Talaya River basin at an altitude of 720 m above sea level, a balneotherapeutic resort “Talaya” was created.. At the resort, with the help of thermal mineral waters and silt mud with a low content of hydrogen sulfide from the freshwater lake Shuchie, diseases of the musculoskeletal system, gastrointestinal tract, liver, peripheral nervous system, skin and gynecological diseases are treated. Patients are offered treatments such as various types of baths, irrigations, inhalations, drinking cures, mud baths, mud packs, balneotherapy, mud therapy, electrotherapy, physiotherapy, exercise therapy and massage.

In the Khasynsky district there is the Atkinsky zoological reserve, where the bighorn sheep is protected, the natural monument Khasynsky with a relic bird cherry grove and floodplain forests growing along the Khasyn River, rock outcrops of the natural monument Bazaltovy, where you can see black basalts, light gray and cream liparites, rock crystal druse, amethysts and agates, and outcrops of the Peschany geological monument, which contain fossilized remains of Late Permian Jurassic fauna.

In the Yagodninsky district, near the village of Yagodnoye, Orotukan and Sinegorye, there are small ski resorts. In the village of Yagodnoye there is also a museum in memory of the victims of political repressions “Kolyma camps”. It was opened in 1994 in memory of the terrible times. In the 30s of the 20th century, near the village of Khatynnakh, near Yagodnoye, in a place that the people called “Serpantinka”, mass executions of prisoners were carried out. A few meters away stood a barracks for those sentenced to death. In 1991, on the site of the barracks, a monument was erected to all those who died in the Kolyma during the years of terror. The Museum “Kolyma camps” has 4,000 photographs of former prisoners, their personal belongings, tools and camp household items, original cases, camp newspapers, letters, drawings and paintings of prisoners, an extensive library with books about repression, war and the history of the Magadan region.

From the village of Sinegorye, hiking trails begin in the mountains of the Bolshoy Angachak massif, which is part of the Kolyma Highlands. Here is the highest point of the Kolyma Highlands – Mount Snezhnaya (2293 m). This mountain and lake region with picturesque waterfalls is very popular among tourists. The main attractions of the massif are the peaks of Aborigine, Aspirations, Vlastny, Festivalny and Challenger, the valleys of the Unknown, Sibiktelyakh, Eight-lake and Lake Jack London, Dancing Graylings, Elgennya and Lebedinoye. Jack London Lake is located at an altitude of 800 m above sea level. It is of glacial origin. The lake is 10 km long, 2 km wide and 75 m deep. There are several islands on the lake.

It should be noted that the Kolyma Highlands, which occupies most of the territory of the Magadan region, is one of the most popular tourist areas, where routes of varying degrees of difficulty are laid.

In the Severo-Evensky district, the Taigonos reserve on the peninsula of the same name, where the bighorn sheep is protected, the ancient Ust-Erebchan site, which is about 5 thousand years old, Shirokaya thermal springs with a water temperature of up to +56 degrees and Tavatum springs, are of interest.

In the Magadan region, hunting for such animals and birds as brown bear, mountain sheep, duck, goose and capercaillie is allowed. To do this, many reserves and hunting bases were created on the territory of Khasynsky, Srednekansky, Susumansky, Olsky and Severo-Evensky districts. Also in the area you can go fishing or go along the Kolyma River in kayaks or inflatable boats.

Attractions in Magadan, Russia